论文写作连词bet十博体育官网:,2015考研英语

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  近几年的四级作文题基本上都是要求考生就某种现实现象或观点发表自己的看法,内容多是考生所熟悉的社会热点话题或大学生生活题材。写好四级作文有两个关键点:第一,根据英文的表达习惯来安排写作结构;第二,用自己熟悉的英文词汇、句式和句型正确地写出自己的观点和看法。因此,老师将按照起承转合的结构安排,为大家详细介绍一下写作中常用的重点关联词汇、短语、句式及句型,好为大家四级写作提供有用的素材。

1) 先后次序关系:

at this time; first; second; at last; next;previously;
simultaneously同时地; eventually;last but not least;to begin with;to
start with;to end with;finally;seeing…由于,因为;since then;first
of all;afterwards后来; following this; preceding先前的
;originally最初的ultimate最终的,极限的,根本的

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论文写作连词bet十博体育官网:,2015考研英语。2) 因果关系:

because;because of this;being that(口语)既然,因为;another
important factor/reason of… ; since; as; for; in that…; owing
to由于,通常负面; due to由于; for the reason that…; in view
of鉴于,考虑到 result from归因于the reason seems to be obvious; there
are about… ;for this reason; as a result of this;therefore;…and
so…;consequently所以,因此;as a result;thus这样,如此,因而;
hence因此; so;so that…; in consequence结果,结果; as a
consequence; accordingly因此,于是,相应地; inevitably不可避免地; under
these conditions thereupon因此于是upon迫近

  2015考研[微博]复试已经在各大高校陆续开始,很多过初试的考生已经开始了紧张的复试准备,让大家最为担心的是英语复试的备考。能不能取得最后的成功,英语复试是一个关键。

  观点(现象性):

3) 转折关系:

but;even so;however;though;even though;independent of;reckless
of不顾 ;despite that; in spite of that; regardless of不顾;
yet…;and yet;but unless. Nonetheless尽管如此

  1. 并列关系: and; also;too;as well
    as;either…,or…;both…and…

  自我介绍还可以提前背一背,可如果抽到一个随机的话题让我们展开叙说的话,就会有一定的难度。这里老师就给大家介绍几种展开话题的方法,希望大家能够运用上,使自己的言语表达更加的清晰流畅有逻辑。

  1. When it comes to…, different people hold different views. Some
argue that…, while others believe that…

5) (补充)递进关系:

furthermore 此外,而且;moreover而且,此外;further进一步地,此外;In
this way ;still; not only…but also…; not…but…; in addition
(to);additionally, much more interesting, more specifically更具体地说,
next, besides; as far as… is concerned至于; moreover此外;in other
words;
along this line of consideration;on (the) one hand…在一方面,on the
other hand…; even; as a saying goes…;in order to do it…;
meanwhile同时; at the same time;accordingly因此; In the first
place…,in the second place…;equally important; of even greater
appeal.

  一、因果法

  2. Now people in growing numbers are beginning to believe that…

6) 比较关系:

similarly; in like manner, in comparison with;when compared
with;compared with;when in fact…; like…; likewise同样地,也;
similarly important; apart from (doing)…; … rather than…,by
doing so ;both…and…; in the same way; not only…but (also).

  因果法是用来解释“为什么”的问题。我们可以根据一个结果去推导其原因,要以事实和证据为根据,前后过程要合乎逻辑和常理。例如:“你为什么考研”?Why
do you choose to take the postgraduate exams?There are several reasons
why i took the postgraduate exams.Firstly, I have been deeply impressed
by the atmosphere here. The second reason is I want to be a social
worker. Thirdly, I think further study is still urgent for me.

  3. Nowadays, it is generally believed that…, but I doubt whether…

7) 对照(不同点):

yet; still; for all of that; notwithstanding虽然,尽管;
rather当然,的确,宁愿,相当; neither … nor; although; though; but;
however; something is just the other way around;yet; conversely相反的;
unlike; opposed to; as opposed to this与不同 ; in contrast (to); by
way of;on the contrary;different from this;
nevertheless然而,不过,虽然如此; contrary to; whereas但是,鉴于;
while;but on the other hand

bet十博体育官网,  常用因果联系词: because of, because, since, seeing that, the reason
why, on account of, due to, thus, hence, therefore, accordingly,
consequently, so that, as a result of, in consequence of, result from,
lead to, so… as to, owing to, to have an effect on, for the reason, in
this way, thanks to等。

  4. As is known to all, …(谚语或名言). A case in point is that…

8) 举例关系:

for example; for instance例如; in this case既然假若这样; namely也就是
instance例子实例
换 句话说; as you know; you may as/say; as he explains; like; such
as; a case in point is一个恰当的例子是…; consider…; in
particular尤其特别;including…;for one thing…首先,for
another…;put it simply;stated roughly粗糙地,概略地; as an
illustration, I will say…; a good example (of…)would be…;to
detail this,I would like to…; It is interesting to note that…;in
this situation; as proof; take the case of; take as example
(something);as for; as regards; as to;according to; on this occasion.

  二、定义法

  描述性:

9) 强调关系:

in fact; especially;particularly特别,尤其;moreover(此外);naturally;
what is more important;in reality事实上; certainly; of course; indeed;
in particular;not to mention…;believe it or
not;undeniably(无可置疑); other thing being equal;it is certain/sure
that…;to be strict; to be true;by definition;
definitely明确地,肯定地; undoubtedly; without a doubt; in truth, in any
event(不论怎样); without reservation(毫无保留地); obviously, not only..
but(also…), both… and…

  定义法可以用来阐述“是什么”的问题,即用一段话来解释说明某个抽象的概念或具体事物的性质、特征、用途、原理等。例如:What
is honesty? 我们可以用如下形式来展开论述:Honesty means telling the
truth and being fair and upright in action. It is a good virtue. One who
cheats is dishonest. Those who gain fortunes not by hard labor, but by
other means are dishonest.

  1. One of the most serious problems our country is faced with
nowadays is …

10) 条件关系:

if;unless; lest;provided that;if it is the case;in this
sense;once…;if possible;if necessary;if so;if not all; if
anything.

  常用关联词汇: what is…, to be defined as, the definition of …
is, to be used to describe, this means, be explained, state that, in
other words, namely等。

  2. As we can easily see from the above graph, the figure of …has
nearly decreased/increased …times, compared with…

11) 归纳总结类:

in a word / in sum / in short
in brief / in conclusion / in summary
therefore因此,所以 / hence因此,今后
to sum up / to conclude
the conclusion can be drawn that
for this reason / on the whole

  三、例证法

  3. From… to …, great changes have taken place in…

12) 地点关系:

beyond; opposite to; adjacent邻近 to; at the same place; there; over; in
the middle; around; in front of; in the distance; farther; here and
there; above; below; at the right; between; on this side.

  例证是为了证明主题而存在的。当主题为理论性或概述的论点时,就需要通过举例或例证来加以支持,以说服听者,同时要注意逻辑严密。例如:In
many countries, cigarette is restricted in many ways. For example, in
Britain, cigarettes are not allowed to be advertised on TV or radio.

  (二)承

13) 目的关系:

with this object无证; for this purpose; in order that; in this way,
since; so that; on that account由于。。。缘故; in case万一; with a view
to考虑到; for the same reason.

  例证常用的关联词: for example, for instance, for one thing, for
another, to illustrate, one example is, first, second, furthermore,
besides, in addition, moreover, finally,a case in point, as an
illustration, incidentally, namely等。

  1. 关联词语或重点词汇:

14) 重申关系:

in other words; that is to say; as I have said; again; once again.

  总之,考研复试时,拿到题目后应立刻审题,积极思考,找好切人点,把讲话的框架打好腹稿,这样会使你的阐述更具逻辑性。展开的方法就是运用因果法、定义法、例证法等。另外注意把握好音量、语速、语调、停顿,需与考官保持眼神交流,紧紧地抓住对方的注意力。在复试前的关键时期,大家一定要多锻炼与人交流的能力。祝大家考研复试顺利,超常发挥,顺利进入自己心仪的学校!

  递进:

15) 结果关系:

accordingly; thus; consequently(因此); hence; therefore; thereupon;
inevitably; under these conditions; as a result; as a consequence;
because; because of; so that; not only…but (also…); so… as to.

  来源:文都教育

  first, second, third…last; firstly, secondly, thirdly… finally; to
begin with, what’s more, in the end; first of all, then, next, moreover,
furthermore…, in the first place, in the second place, last but not
least

16) 顺序关系:

first; second; thirdly; next; then; at the outset(在开始时),following
this; at this time; now; at this point; after; afterward后来; after
this; subsequently后来; lastly最终; finally; consequently所以,因此;
before this; previously; preceding this; simultaneously同时地;
concurrently(同时发生的)

  举例:

17) 时间关系:

at once; immediately; at length终于,最后; in the mean time同时;
meanwhile; at the same time; in the end; then; soon; not long after;
later; at once; at last; finally; some time ago; at present; all of a
sudden突然; from this time on; from time to time; since then; when;
whenever; next point; a few minutes later; formerly; as; once; since;
occasionally偶然地; in a moment; shortly立刻; whereupon于是,因此;
previously Henceforth今后

  show, exemplify, illustrate, prove, indicate, exhibit, demonstrate,
for example, for instance, take …as an example, such as, like , a good
case in point

  因果:

  cause, result in, lead to, produce, bring about, contribute to,
based on, because, since, now that, therefore, thus, consequently, owing
to, due to, through, because of, on account of, as a result, as a
consequence

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